Lymphocystis disease virus
Lymphocystis is a chronic disease of freshwater and marine fishes caused by infection with an iridovirus known as Lymphocystivirus or Lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV), which is a member of the family Iridoviridae. LCDV is the causative agent of a well-known fish viral disease that is characterized by hypertrophy of fibroblastic cells in the connective tissue. This viral disease affects more than 125 wild and cultured species of teleost fish from marine and freshwater environments and has a cosmopolitan geographical distribution. In aquaculture systems, the prevalence of LCDV infection is very high, likely reflecting the horizontal transmission of this virus. The incidence rate of the disease may reach 70%, causing significant economic losses for the aquaculture industry.