Microbiology

OVERVIEW

Microorganism refers to any organism that is too small to be seen by the unaided eye, which abounds in nature, and many find the environment and nutrients needed for growth and reproduction on or within other living organisms. Microorganism includes bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungi and protozoa. Normally, microorganisms live in a balanced situation with their host that ensures survival of both host and parasite. Microbes make up 90% of the 1014 cells in the human body and occupy all of our body surfaces, including the skin, gut, and mucous membranes. Thus, it is of great significance to research microorganisms.

Microbiology is the study of microorganism. This discipline covers a vast area of scientific research on the biochemistry, physiology, cell biology, ecology, evolution and diagnostic development. It is worth mentioning that monoclonal antibody has been highly beneficial for microbiology research and advancing our understanding of antimicrobial immunotherapy, vaccine, infectious diseases and veterinary pathologies.

MICROBIOLOGY ANTIBODY

As development of the monoclonal antibody, antibody has become a useful tool for the study of microbiology, such as microbial detection, microbial pathways, infection diseases and cancer research. Antibodies against various microbial antigens were produced and reflected location, infectivity and toxins of microbe. Particularly, neutralization antibody is the most widely used type, which has biological effect on a microbial pathogen or its toxin.

Neutralizing antibody

Some antibodies defend a cell from an antigen or infectious body by neutralizing any effect it has biologically, which named neutralizing antibodies. The difference between neutralizing antibodies and binding antibodies is that neutralizing antibodies neutralize the biological effects of the antigen, while binding antibodies flag antigens. Antibodies having neutralizing function can block the infectivity of pathogens, inactivate or neutralize foreign substances such as toxins. Neutralization generally occurs as a result of interfering with an organism’s attachment to host tissues and is an important specific defense against viral invaders. For example, neutralization antibodies to HIV-1 Envelope are highly effective in preventing infection with chimeric SIV–HIV (SHIV) viruses in macaques.

Neutralizing antibody block infectivity of microbe. Fig.1 Summary of the protection mechanisms of neutralizing and non-neutralizing Abs specific for viral proteins[1].

OUR OFFERING

Creative Biolabs has collated our microbiology resources to make it easier for you to find antibodies involved in microbiology. These antibody targets cover microbial proteins and toxins, pathogens, and microbe-related diseases. The antibodies have high specificity, high affinity and can help your microbiology research.

For more detailed information about our antibodies, please feel free to contact us.

REFERENCE

  1. Padilla-Quirarte, H. O.; et al. Protective antibodies against influenza proteins. Frontiers in Immunology. 2019, 10, 1677.
For research use only, not directly for clinical use.
TARGET SEARCH
0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Y Z OTHER
HOT TARGETS
• A. aeolicus LeuT • B. anthracis LEF • B. cereus • B. ovis omp31 • B. pertussis fim3 • B. pseudomallei • B. pseudomallei protease • Bovine (strain RF) VP6 • C. botulinum botE • C. japonica SBP • CaENO1 • Cdh5 • CEACAM3 • CFP • CSFV • CXADR • D. immitis • D. pteronyssinus Der p1 • DENV • E. coli caa • E. coli narK1 • EBV LMP2 • F. magna PpL • FCV CP • FeLV Env • FMDV VP3 • G. vaginalis VLY • GPA33 • H. brasiliensis REF • H3N2 HA • H3N8 NA • HAdV fiber • HBcAg • HBV L-HBsAg • HBV Large S protein • HCV HC-J1 • HCV NS3 • HCV1b • HDV HDAg • HHV4 EA-R • HIV1 Clade B gp120 • HIV1 Protease • HRSV F Protein • HSV1 / HSV2 • HSV1 helicase-primase subunit • HSV1 ICP4 • HSV2 UL39 • HTLV-III MN gp120 • IAV H1 Subtype HA • IAV H7 Subtype HA • IBDV • IBDV polyprotein • IBV HA • IHNV G protein • JEV Env • L. major LPG • L. monocytogenes LLO • LACV • Lbp • M. avium GPL9I • M. leprae ag36 • M. leprae groS • M. pneumoniae RP-L7/L12 • M. tuberculosis • M. tuberculosis groEL2 • MARV • MARV GP1 • N. meningitidis porA • N. meningitidis porA (P1.2) • N. nigricollis toxA • P. aeruginosa pcrV • P. avium PRUA1 • P. falciparum VAR • P. gingivalis prpR1 • P. vivax CS • P. vivax Pv42 • P. yoelii ROP • PfSUB1 • PPV polyprotein • PRRSV ORF1ab • RABV G • RABV P protein • RV VP7 • S. aureus Hla • S. aureus TSST1 • S. boydii OC1 • S. epidermidis • Serum SRA • SV CP • T. brucei GPEET2 • T. gondii • T. serrulatus toxin Ts4 • T. spiralis gp53-ES • TGEV S protein • V. cholerae Ogawa • VACV D8L • VP1694 • VZV • WNV E protein • α-d-mannopyranosid
VALIDATED PRODUCTS
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