Cluster of differentiation 3
In immunology, the CD3 (cluster of differentiation 3) T-cell co-receptor helps to activate the cytotoxic T-Cell. It consists of a protein complex and is composed of four distinct chains. In mammals, the complex contains a CD3γ chain, a CD3δ chain, and two CD3ε chains. These chains associate with a molecule known as the TCR (T-cell receptor) and the ζ-chain (zeta-chain) to generate an activation signal in T lymphocytes. The TCR, ζ-chain, and CD3 molecules together constitute the TCR complex.